GRE

Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) provides a general purpose encapsulation of one protocol over another.

RFC 2784

How does it work?

The original packet is encapsualted in a GRE packet, this is then encapsulated in another outer protocol before being forwarded.

GRE - NVGRE

Where the original packet is based on IPv4 the packet header must be used to forward the packet and the TTL of the packet MUST be decremented.

Where IPv4 is used as the Outer Protocol, IPv4 protocol 47 is used for delivery.

About Stephen Ransome

Stephen Ransome is an IT consultant and network nerd with experience ranging from SMBs to Service Providers, he has a passion for learning new technologies and delivering solutions that count. He has some alphabet soup, including CCIE#41102 and is far more cynical than he should be.